Can race (or any difference) affect the quality of care that a patient receives at any medical center?
In the study, which appears in the journal Current Biology, people of Italian and African descent watched short film clips that showed needles pricking black- and white-skinned hands. As they watched, researchers measured the participants' empathy (i.e., their nervous-system activity) by monitoring sensors attached to the same spot on their hands. They also tracked the participants' heart rates and sweat-gland activity, a common measure of emotional response.
"White observers reacted more to the pain of white than black models, and black observers reacted more to the pain of black than white models," says the lead researcher, Alessio Avenanti, Ph.D., an assistant professor of psychology at the University of Bologna.
The researchers also showed clips of a needle pricking a hand painted bright purple. Both the Italian and African participants were more likely to empathize with this intentionally strange-looking hand than with the hand of another race, which implies that the earlier lack of empathy was due to skin color, not just difference. "This is quite important, because it suggests that humans tend to empathize by default unless prejudice is at play," says Avenanti...
..."A doctor with high racial bias may understand the pain of other-race patients in a more detached or disembodied manner and, in principle, this may contribute to the causes of racial disparities in health care," Avenanti says.
Previous research has shown that doctors tend to empathize more with a patient's pain -- and provide higher-quality care -- if they have a history of pain themselves, or if someone close to them has experienced chronic, debilitating pain, Dr. Green says.
"Now we are understanding that if you see someone as being more like you, you can empathize with their pain better," she says. "Race, age, gender, and class probably play a role in how we assess and treat patients with pain."
So does that mean that, say, an African American with low back pain should seek out only doctors who are African American?
Not necessarily. Green says it's more important to find a doctor who actively listens to you and asks questions.
"If you feel you are not heard, or that your pain complaints are not being taken seriously, you can and should see another doctor," she says.
Interesting article and worth keeping in mind around your medical center when you have a varied patient population.