The next time you're performing a face lift, consider what music you're listening to.
A survey of surgeons in the UK revealed that a whooping 90% listen to music while they are operating on their patients; with half of respondents favoring up-tempo rock, 17% pop music and 11% classical.
In fact, an article written by Henley J, “Music for surgery,” published in The Guardian (2011) revealed that plastic surgeons play the most music. When asked, the surgeons revealed that music contributed to creating a "harmonious and calm atmosphere."
According to a 1994 publication of the Journal of the American Medical Association,
Surgeon-selected music was associated with reduced autonomic reactivity and improved performance of a stressful nonsurgical laboratory task in study participants.
Further, researchers from the psychology department at the State University of New York at Buffalo, found that listening to Pachelbel was better than not listening to any music at all. There was a decreased stress and increased performance after surgeons listened to music, especially when it was their own choice.
A recent study reveals that listening to music may reduce the time spent on surgical closures. The study was conducted with 15 residents performing layered closures on a simulated wound model on a pig's feet. These were done with and without their preferred music.
Twelve residents (five lower level and seven upper level residents) completed both sessions, performing 48 repairs. Blinded faculty completed 144 repair ratings.
These were the results of the pig's feet study:
- There was an 8% overall reduction of operative time among all residents.
- There was a 10% decrease in the operative time of surgical closure for upper-level residents who were listening to their music of choice.
- A resident took an average of 11.5 minutes to complete the surgery without music. On the other hand, it only took 10.6 minutes to complete the repairs with music.
The study further revealed that there was also an improved efficiency and repair quality for those who listened to music.
For patients, music reduces anxiety before surgery. A research done by Yale University anaesthetist Zeev Kain reveals that music decreases the amount of pain or the patient's needs for anxiety medication. A study by the department of anaesthesia at Glasgow's Western Infirmary surveyed 200 anaesthetists; it found 72% worked in theatres where music was played regularly, and around 63% generally enjoyed it.
Some 26%, though, said they thought music, especially music they didn't know and like, could at times "reduce vigilance and impair communication".
On the other side...
It's a distraction. Junior surgeons who are performing new tasks may be distracted by operating room music. This was reported in a November 2008 issue of Surgical Endoscopy.
For patients, it may also be a cause for discord and anxiety, especially when the music is not to their liking. The results are ultimately related to the surgeon's preferences as to the kind of music and its volume.
It is important that both create a harmony in the operating room between and among the surgeons and the patients. The reduction in the amount of time to perform a surgery finds a positive welcome in the healthcare environment.
The September 2015 issue of the Aesthetic Surgery Journal says that
In the current health care environment, where cost reduction is center stage and operative time is money, every second counts.
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